Designed for intermediate-level professionals and for those who have completed EMIís Refining 101 (Non-Technical) course.
The refinery is at the center of the petroleum industry, linking all upstream and downstream activities. The refinery is where the conversion of the various crude oils into the petroleum products needed by society takes place. This course presents a more technical view of the chemistry, catalysts and units involved than is covered in our Refining 101 (Non-Technical) course.
What you will learn
- We will look at the various types of crude oil and their properties. Canadian syncrude will be included.
- The chemistry of refining will be covered to the extent it is needed to understand what the various units do and the finished products produced.
- We will look at the various catalysts (liquid acids, metals, zeolites, etc.) and how they are used.
- We will examine the use of catalytic promoters and inhibitors to see why they are sometimes needed.
- Effect of product specifications and environmental requirements on equipment design will be discussed.
- We will look at desalting operations and when different configurations work best.
- We will thoroughly explain the separation processes such as atmospheric and vacuum distillation.
- Modifications to the fractionator scheme such as preflash and prefractionation will be examined.
- We will discuss the various methods of thermal cracking including cracking for ethylene production and operational problems encountered in cleaning these units.
- We will have an entire section on coking. Although the emphasis will be on delayed coking, we will discuss fluid coking as well. Calciners and emission control requirements will also be covered.
- We will explain the fluid catalytic cracking unit and look at different cat cracker designs. The working of zeolite catalysts will be discussed.
- You will understand how hydrocracking works and will be introduced to different design beds such as fixed, slurry, moving, or ebullated. The advantages of hydrocracking will be discussed.
- We will see when and why we use the unification processes of alkylation and polymerization. The details of both HF and Sulfuric alky units will be covered.
- The alteration process of isomerization will be examined. Details of both C4 and C5/C6 units will be covered.
- The unit that does it all, the catalytic reformer, will be examined from the standpoint of types of reformer design and why the reformer needs to be run within close tolerances.
- We will look at aromatics extraction both from why it is needed and how it is done.
- Hydrogen plants, hydrotreating, and sulfur plants will be examined.
- At the conclusion, we will tie all the material together to get a picture of a modern, fully integrated petroleum refinery.
Who should attend
Those who are currently working on or with a refinery and have need of more details will benefit highly from this course. An example might be an environmental engineer working with refinery waste water. It is not intended as a course for chemical/process engineers. Although the material is somewhat technical it will not delve into the mathematics of unit operations and design.
It is recommended that attendees have taken EMIís Refining 101 (Non-Technical) course as a prerequisite if they do not have a technical background.
Course Level: Intermediate
CPE Credits: 14
Course Type: Public