Electricity in Mozambique

Electricity in Mozambique
Electricity in Mozambique
Table 3 shows the installed capacity in 2012 broken down by type, again based in sources within Mozambique. The main generating plant is Cahorra Bassa, with a capacity of 2,075MW. As already noted above, EDM has 109MW of hydro capacity, and an additional 81MW of thermal capacity - giving a total national capacity of 2,235MW. However, only 2,207MW are classified as available.
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Mozambique is a coastal southern African state, with high levels of poverty, and rich energy resources. The country has suffered a painful emergence from colonial rule, and levels of corruption, and the openness of government - are still questionable. In spite of this, the government is about to embark on an ambitious expansion plan, that it hopes will create a powerhouse for southern Africa. Much of this depends on development of hydropower potential on the Zambezi, where the country’s largest power plant, Cahorra Bassa, is already operating and exporting energy to neighbouring countries. Up to 10,000MW of capacity might be added over the next 20 years. In addition, the country has newly discovered natural gas reserves and bituminous coal reserves, all of which it plans to use to generate power. While plans to develop and export energy are high on the agenda, the population remains poorly served - with only around 18% having access to power (although estimates differ, and the government puts the level higher). Further, the national grid system is fragmented so that power from Cahorra Bassa can only be transmitted to the main load centres in the south of the country via South Africa. In order to rectify this, a new backbone transmission system is planned, and a major rural electrification programme is already underway, supported by foreign donors.

This report is a Country Profile, covering:
  • Power generation capacity by fuel input
  • Electricity networks
  • Current power market trends
  • Generation growth
  • Investment opportunities
  • Future project plans


  • An overview of the electricity market in Mozambique.
  • Power supply data covering production, imports and exports and the main production sources.
  • Power demand data by market sector and tariff data.
  • An overview of the structure of the electricity sector with government and private sector companies as well as the regulatory status.
  • Power demand forecasts and the development of the power sector to meet expected growth.
  • Transmission system expansion plans.

Key Findings of the Report

  • The consumption of refined petroleum products in Mozambique is 19,580bbl/d.
  • Natural gas reserves were estimated to be 127.4bn m3.
  • Hydropower is one of the major renewable resources in Mozambique, particularly that of the Zambezi River.
  • Mozambique’s major electricity export markets are Namibia and Botswana, with small quantities also sold to Lesotho and Zimbabwe.
  • While the major towns and cities of Mozambique are electrified, access to electricity in rural regions remains a serious problem.

Key Questions Answered

  • How does Mozambique generate its electricity?
  • What is the status of the national electricity market?
  • What are the key developments in electricity infrastructure?
  • Who are the key players in market?
  • What are the future prospects for investment in Mozambique?

Date Published / Pages / Format

January, 2014 / 31 pages / PDF